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What to Do When You Encounter a Snake: Steps to Take

Snakes are feared by many, for valid reasons. But how do you react when you see one? Today we will be talking about the steps to take.

What should you do when you encounter a snake?

Short Answer: Stay calm and limit your movements

  • Snakes will not attack unless they are provoked, so stay where you are
  • Try not to panick and don't do anything that might startle the snake
  • Move away from the snake
  • Call for professional help if it is available at that moment 

Understanding Snake Behaviour and Common Types of Snakes

Understanding snake behavior is important for anyone who encounters these reptiles in the wild. Snakes are fascinating creatures with a range of behaviors that are shaped by their biology, habitat, and evolutionary history.

Here are some key aspects of snake behavior:

Defense mechanism 

Defense mechanisms are an integral aspect of an animal's survival strategy, and in the case of snakes, they manifest in fascinating ways. While their first line of defense is often camouflage and ability to blend seamlessly into their surroundings, snakes also employ hissing and bluff strikes to scare off predators.

For venomous species, their venom serves as a formidable weapon against both prey and attackers. Some snakes flatten their bodies and raise their heads to appear larger and more intimidating. 

Reproductive behaviour

Snakes engage in a courtship process that can involve various behaviors, such as males engaging in intricate dances, vibrating, or combat with rival males to gain the attention of females. Once courtship is successful, the method of reproduction depends on the species.

Some snakes lay eggs, which are often deposited in warm, hidden locations, where the female may guard them. In contrast, viviparous species give birth to live young after internal gestation. Parental care varies, as some leave their offspring to fend for themselves from birth, while others may stay with their newly hatched young for a brief period, offering protection and guidance.

Hunting and feeding

They employ a combination of stealth, patience, and specialized sensory adaptations to secure their prey. Snakes are ambush predators, relying on their exceptional camouflage and a keen sense of smell to locate meals.

Once a snake detects prey, it waits patiently, coiled and ready to strike with incredible speed and accuracy when the opportunity arises. After they've captured their prey, snakes often employ a combination of constriction or venom injection to subdue and digest their meals.


In colder regions, some snake species enter hibernation during the winter months. During this period of dormancy, their metabolic rate decreases significantly, allowing them to conserve energy and endure cold temperatures when prey is scarce. On the other hand, in hotter regions, snakes may undergo estivation during the scorching summer months.


Communication in snakes is a subtle and intricate process that relies on a combination of visual cues, body language, and chemical signaling. They communicate primarily through non-verbal means like body posture, movements, and gestures which play a crucial role in conveying information and other animals. Snakes are known for their hissing sounds as an audible warning signal to deter threats. 

Let's now dive into the common types of snakes:

Copperhead snake 

Characterized by its striking copper-colored head and often banded or mottled body, the copperhead is generally considered a relatively mild-mannered snake, and is not aggressive. Despite its venomous nature, copperheads are generally less dangerous to humans compared to other venomous snakes. Their venom contains a combination of neurotoxins but fatalities from copperhead bites are extremely rare.

Green tree snake

True to its name, this slender and often vibrant green snake is primarily arboreal, meaning it spends much of its life in trees and shrubs. Their camouflaging ability makes it challenging to spot them in the wild. Green tree snakes are generally docile and not considered dangerous to humans. They mostly feed on small insects and are known for capturing prey in the treetops.

Carpet python 

Known for its impressive size and striking pattern of irregular markings, the carpet python is a constrictor, using its powerful body to subdue and swallow prey whole. They inhabit a variety of environments, including forests, grasslands, and even urban areas. While generally non-aggressive towards humans, carpet pythons can become defensive if provoked or cornered.

How to Stay Safe When Hiking or Exploring Snake-Infested Areas 

Exploring the great outdoors can be an exhilarating adventure, but in some regions, encountering snakes is a real possibility. To ensure your safety and peace of mind while hiking or exploring in snake-infested areas it's crucial to stay safe when you're hiking.

Here are some tips to help you minimize the risk of encountering and getting bitten by snakes:

Make noise

Making noise while hiking or exploring snake-infested areas is a simple safety measure. Snakes are generally timid creatures, and they often retreat when they hear human activity. By talking, singing, or clapping your hands as you move through the terrain, you alert snakes to your presence, giving them the opportunity to slither away without confrontation.

Don't approach or handle them 

Snakes, whether venomous or non-venomous, should never be approached or handled when encountered in the wild. Even non-venomous snakes can bite if they feel threatened, leading to painful and infected wounds.

Venomous snakebites can be life-threatening without immediate medical attention. Therefore, maintaining a respectful distance and refraining from attempting to touch or provoke snakes is a fundamental rule of safety when exploring snake-prone areas.

Stay on established trails

Established trails are carefully maintained and often offer a clear, snake-free passage through the wilderness. Straying off the trail into tall grass, underbrush, or rocky terrain increases the likelihood of unexpected snake encounters, as these areas are ideal hiding spots for snakes. By sticking to marked trails, you not only reduce your chances of encountering snakes

Use a hiking stick 

Having a hiking stick or trekking pole with you can help with enhancing safety when exploring snake-prone areas. They serve a dual purpose: they provide stability and help you probe the ground ahead of you. By gently tapping the terrain with your hiking stick, you can detect hidden snakes and avoid stepping on them. This allows you to maintain a safe distance from potentially dangerous encounters. 

What to Do If You Encounter a Snake: Do's and Don'ts

Encountering a snake while hiking or exploring can be unnerving, but knowing how to react can make all the difference in ensuring your safety.

Let's first take a look at some do's if you encounter a snake:

Back away slowly 

Backing away slowly is key when encountering a snake in the wild. This allows you to maintain a safe distance from the snake without making sudden movements that might startle or agitate it. Slow, deliberate steps give the snake space and time to assess the situation and, ideally, choose to move away on its own accord.

Keep your eyes on the snake

Visual contact with the snake allows you to monitor its movements and location, ensuring that you are aware of its actions at all times. By maintaining a steady gaze, you can clearly see the snake's behavior and whether it is responding to your presence. This information dictates how you should proceed, such as whether the snake is moving away or showing signs of agitation

Remain calm

The sight of a snake can definitely be scary, but panicking or making sudden movements can worsen the situation and increase the chances of the snake attacking you. Try to take deep breaths and stay composed. Keeping a clear mind allows you to think rationally about how to react to the snake's presence. Back away slowly, maintain visual contact, and follow other safety protocols effectively. 

Let's now move on to the Don'ts: 

Do not throw objects

Throwing objects at a snake is a dangerous action when encountering one in the wild. It can agitate the snake and provoke it to defend itself. Such actions can escalate the situation, increasing the likelihood of a defensive bite.

Instead of resorting to throwing objects, it's far safer to back away slowly, keeping a safe distance from the snake, and allowing it to move away naturally.

Do not attempt to kill the snake

Attempting to kill a snake is not only unnecessary and it is hazardous when encountering one in its natural environment. Most snakes encountered outdoors are non-venomous and pose little threat to us humans. Even venomous snakes prefer to avoid confrontation and typically bite in self-defense. 

Do not use tourniquets or cut the wound

These actions can worsen the effects of the snakebite. Tourniquets can impede blood flow and cause other complications. Cutting the wound may introduce infection and cause more harm than good. Instead, in the unfortunate event of a snakebite remove tight clothing or jewelry to allow for swelling.

Tips for Administering First Aid for Snake Bites

Administering first aid for snake bites is crucial to minimise serious injury or complications escalating. Here are some tips to follow if you or someone else is bitten by a snake:

Remore tight clothing or jewellry 

Swiftly taking off any constricting items near the bite site is essential to prevent further complications. Tight clothing or accessories can impede blood flow, exacerbating swelling and tissue damage caused by the venom. By carefully removing such items, you ensure that the affected area remains as unobstructed as possible, allowing for better circulation and facilitating the body's natural response to the bite.

Do not cut the wound

Contrary to popular myths, making incisions over the bite area or trying to suck out the venom are not recommended. Cutting the wound can lead to infection, and potentially worsen tissue damage. 

Wash the bite area

This simple action helps to minimise the risk of infection by removing any dirt, debris, or potential contaminants from the wound. It needs to be done without scrubbing or causing additional harm to the affected area. A mild soap can be used if available, but the primary goal is for the bite site to be as clean as possible.

Apply a bandage or cloth

It's important to use a clean and sterile bandage or cloth if possible. The bandage should be snug but not too tight to allow for some swelling without cutting off circulation. This simple measure aids in keeping the affected area immobilised, minimising the spread of venom, and provides a barrier. 

Do not ice the area

While cold compresses and ice packs are commonly used for other injuries, they are not the answer for snake bites. Applying ice to the bite site can worsen the overall situation. Cold temperatures can constrict blood vessels, leading to increased swelling and tissue damage. Instead of ice, the focus should be on immobilizing the affected limb and seeking immediate medical attention.

If you want to read more, you can take a look at our other articles The Best Ways to Prevent a Snakebite and Learn These Startling Facts About Snakebites

Related Questions

What happens if a snake bite is not immediately treated?

A snakebite can have serious consequences if not immediately treated. The effects of a snakebite can vary depending on several factors, including the snake species, the amount of venom injected, the location of the bite, and the individual's health and response to the venom. It is crucial to seek immediate medical attention if bitten by a snake, especially if the snake is venomous or if there is any uncertainty about its venomous status.

Timely medical intervention significantly improves the chances of a successful outcome and reduces the risk of severe complications.

Is it safe to keep snakes as pets?

Keeping snakes as pets can be safe and rewarding, but it comes with several considerations and responsibilities. Whether it is safe to keep a snake as a pet depends on various factors, including the species of snake, the owner's experience and knowledge, and the local regulations and laws.

It's essential to thoroughly research the species you plan to keep and ensure you can meet their needs. If you are new to snake ownership, consider starting with a beginner-friendly species and seek guidance from experienced reptile enthusiasts.


It's essential to exercise caution and respect when encountering snakes, as some of these species can be venomous and potentially dangerous.

We hope you find this information useful! 


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