Basic Trauma Kits: What to Include and How to Use Them
Designed to help you with major injuries wherever they happen, trauma kits are exactly what you need. Today we will be guiding on what to include and how to use them.
What are the essential items to include in a basic trauma kit?
Short Answer: An emergency blanket, burn cream or gel, and instant cold packs
- General items like bandages, gloves, scissors and tweezers
- Tourniquets are an essential item that you will need to include in the kit
- A resuscitation shield is another important item to have during life-threatening situations
- Pain relievers for temporary relief and pain management
Introduction to Basic Trauma Kits and Their Importance
Basic trauma kits are extremely helpful because they are designed to minimise the impact of injuries, aid in saving lives and can be used before professional help arrives, or if it may not be readily available. They are carefully curated collections of medical supplies and equipment, each item chosen with the goal of stabilising a person condition.
Whether you're navigating yourself on an wilderness adventure or simply want to be prepared for unforseen incidents at home or your workplace, a trauma kit has got you covered. They are portable, compact, and user-friendly, making them highly accessible for people with varying levels of medical training.
Let’s take a look some of they key points as to why they are important:
Rapid response to emergencies
During disasters, accidents or mass casualty incidents, medical professionals are bound to be overwhelmed with how much they have to do, and response times may be delayed. Rapid response is not just about speed, it's about being well-prepared, trained and ready to act, so that everyone receives the same level of care they need.
Immediate first aid
Immediate first aid comes with two vital purposes, to stabilise the individual's condition and prevent further harm while also facilitating their recovery. It could be immobilising fractures, providing CPR, or administering life-saving medications - immediate first aid can make a substantial difference. It highlights the importance of preparedness, quick thinking and basic medical knowledge in moments of crisis.
Trauma kits need to be adaptable to address a wide range of injuries and medical emergencies, making versatility a very important feature. A versatile trauma kit can be customised to suit specific needs, it could be for first aid in the workplace or responding to natural distasters. Versatility in trauma kits allows individuals and responders to be well-prepared for the unexpected, because it can be used as a solution and can increase the chances of a positive outcome.
Injury prevention includes a range of strategies, practices and measures aimed at reducing the occurence and severity of injuries and accidents, falls, or occupational hazards. By developing awareness, education and the implementation of safety measures, injury prevention reduces healthcare costs, and the burden on emergency services.
Not only are these trauma kits a safety net, they are tools for immediate access to essential medica supplies and equipment to respond to injuries and medical emergencies. Knowing these kits are on hand ensures that individuals can take quick action in times of crisis and the impact of injuries can be minimised.
To maximise their effectiveness, individuals should recieve basic first aid training and regulalry inspect the contents of the kit.
Essential Items to Include in a Basic Trauma Kit
A basic trauma kit needs to contain items that will help provide intial first aid and address traumatic injuries that can happen unexpectedly. The exact contents may vary depending on your location and the intended use of the kit.
Here are some of the essentials you can consider including:
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
An integral part of the trauma kit, personal protective equipment ensures the safety of those administering first and aid and the one patient receiving it as well. The protective items are disposable gloves, eye protection, disposable resuscitation shields, which are the main essential components. In a trauma situation, they are extremely useful as it protects the injured individual from futher harm or complications.
A valuable addition to basic trauma kits, emergency blankets are made of heat-reflective materials that help retain body heat, which prevents hypothermia in trauma patients, especially when it comes to extreme temperatures. They can also be used to cover and comfort victims in shock, so there is a sense of security during the moments following a traumatic event. The blankets are compact, and lightweight, making them easy to put in your kit.
These specially designed scissors are exceptionally sharp, enabling quick and safe cutting of seat belts. clothes and other materials obstructing access to injuries. In trauma situations where every second is of the eseence, trauma shears facilitate rapid assessment and treatment, so that responders can expose wounds and see the extent of injury without causing discomfort to the patient.
Trauma bandages can control hemmorhages, and have features like built-in pressure applicators or cinches to apply direct pressure to wounds. Their sterile. non-stick properties make them ideal for dressing open wounds, and individuals with limited medical training can apply them effectively.
Tourniquets play a pivotal role in controlling bleeding from extremity injuries. While they are to be used with caution and as a last report, they are essential to have in your kit for situations like hemorrhages. Tourniquets are easy to apply and have user-friendly mechanisms so that there is secure placement.
To be able to use these trauma kits you will need to have proper training and knowledge, and know when to seek medical attention for proper evaluation and guidance.
Tips for Proper Use and Administration of a Basic Trauma Kit
Proper use of a basic trauma kit is key for providing effective and timely first aid in emergency situations. Here are some tips for using a basic trauma kit effectively:
In a chaotic and potentially life-threatening situation, it's imperative to check on the most critical injuries first. This means addressing immediate threats, such as blocked airways, or cardiac arrest, before moving on to less urgent concerns. By following the ABCs (Airway, Breathing, Circulation) protocol and assessing the situation, you can quickly determine where your efforts are most needed. This way, you allocate your limited resources, including time and supplies.
Just like any skill, being able to expertly use the kit improves with practice. Repeated simulations of various scenarios, such as wound dressing and splinting, help responders become more familiar with the tools and techniques at their disposal. Practicing with a trauma kit improves individual readiness and coordination in group settings.
All items in the kit, particularly those that come into direct contact with wounds or bodily fluids, should remain sterile to prevent infection and complications. Keeping items sealed until they are needed, avoiding unnecessary handling, and using sterile gloves and antiseptic wipes or solutions when dressing wounds are all ways to maintain sterility.
Regularly inspecting the kit for damaged or compromised items and replacing them ensures that everything inside remains in sterile condition. It upholds the safety and well-being of both the caregiver and the injured person as well.
Keeping accurate records of the care provided is essential for several reasons. It helps maintain a clear timeline of events, which is needed when seeking professional medical assistance or reporting the incident. Recording vital signs, the nature of injuries, and the care administered provides a detailed account of the patient's condition, aiding in continuity of care. It can also serve legal purposes, protecting the caregiver and the injured person by providing evidence of appropriate and responsible action.
Let's now take a look at tips for administration of a basic trauma kit:
Begin by wearing disposable gloves to maintain hygiene. Use antiseptic wipes to clean the wound gently, removing any dirt or debris. Once the wound is clean, select a sterile dressing or bandage from the kit that is appropriate in size to cover the wound adequately.
Apply the dressing over the wound and secure it in place with medical tape or bandages, so that it is snug but not too tight. Remember that wound dressing is just one part of first aid.
If someone is experiencing shock, it's crucial to keep them warm and comfortable. Use the items in the kit, such as emergency blankets, to provide insulation and maintain the person's body temperature.
Help them lie down with their feet slightly elevated, this position encourages blood flow to vital organs and can help alleviate symptoms of shock, including pale skin, rapid heartbeat, and shallow breathing.
After administering initial care with a basic trauma kit, it's essential to remain vigilant and attentive to any changes. Observe the person's vital signs, such as their breathing rate, pulse, and level of consciousness. Note any alterations in their condition, such as worsening pain, or signs of shock.
Maintain open communication with the injured person to assess their comfort and any new symptoms they may experience. Continuously documenting the time and date of care provided, as well as any changes in the person's condition, can be indispendable information for medical professionals when they arrive.
Best Practices for Maintaining and Stocking a Basic Trauma Kit for Emergency Preparedness
Maintaining a basic trauma kit for emergency preparedness is a key priority.
Here are some best practices for maintaining a basic trauma kit:
Checking the batteries in your emergency kit's electronic devices is a must. These batteries power tools such a flashlights, radios, or other communication devices, so they function when needed most. Periodically inspect the battery levels to confirm they are fully charged or replace them if they have been in storage for an extended period.
Customise for specific needs
Consider the specific requirements of your family, group, or anticipated activities. If anyone has allergies, include necessary medications as advised. For those with chronic medical conditions, include their medications, extra supplies, or medical equipment. Tailoring your emergency kit means that it meets the precise needs of those who may rely on it.
Store it in a location that is easy to reach and well-known to all household members or group participants. Ideally, the kit should be within arm's reach and not buried in clutter or difficult-to-reach areas. Quick access to essential supplies can make all the difference. Regularly go over the kit's location with your family or group so that everyone knows where it is and can get it without hesitation.
Check for damage
Inspect the bag or container that has your supplies for any signs of wear and tear, including rips, holes, or broken zippers. Check that closures, snaps, and straps are all functioning correctly.
A damaged kit can compromise the integrity of its contents and make it less effective during an emergency. Keep in mind that exposure to moisture or extreme temperatures will cause damage to some items at some point in time, so keep the kit in a dry and temperate environment.
Label and organise
Use clear labels or markers to identify the contents of each compartment or pouch within the kit. Categorize items and group similar supplies together, such as first aid supplies and personal hygiene items. Everything has a designated place, so it will be easy to locate what you need in a stressful situation.
You can read more information about the best type of scissors for first aid kits here.
You can also check out SURVIVAL Tourniquets, to read more about it, click here.
Do all basic trauma kits include a tourniquet?
No, not all basic trauma kits include a tourniquet, as the contents of the kit can vary depending on the manufacturer and specific needs of the user.
They are typically found in more advanced trauma or bleeding control kits rather than basic ones. Basic trauma kits usually include items like bandages, gauze, adhesive tape, antiseptic wipes, but they may not necessarily include a tourniquet.
Can you make a trauma kit?
Yes, you can create your own trauma kit if you prefer a customized solution tailored to your specific needs. You can make a trauma kit by gathering the necessary supplies and equipment, and organising them in a suitable container or bag.
If you're not trained in first aid, consider taking a basic first aid course to learn how to use the items in your kit effectively and respond to medical emergencies appropriately.
Basic kits include the general first aid items, along with other items that are used during traumatic events.
We hope you found the information in this blog helpful!